nd information technology, had confirmed at the Boao Fo

oao Forum for Asia, that China will grant 5G licenses this year, but didn’t disclose a specific date.

“5G, industrial internet and the internet of vehicles are among the country’s top development priorities

in the telecommunications industry,” Zhang Feng, chief engineer of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, sa

id on Friday during the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day.

Zhang called for accelerated efforts to set standards in key areas, including 5G, to expedite the com

mercialization of this forefront technology and bolster the nation’s core competitiveness.

Major Chinese smartphone maker Huawei Technologies Co has already unveiled its first 5G chip and first 5G fold

able smartphone, the Mate X, which is expected to hit the market in June, despite challenges involving the United States.

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The phone call took place days after the US Commerce Dep

artment announced on Wednesday it will add telecommunications eq

uipment maker Huawei and its affiliates to the Entity List on Wednesday. Being on the list

bars the company from buying US technology without government approval due to security concerns.

On the same day, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order that bars US companies fr

om using telecom equipment from manufacturers considered a national security risk, without mentioning Huawei by name.

Such moves, as well as the increase of tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods earlier this m

onth, complicated the prospect of continuing the bilateral trade talks that have been ongoing for more than a year.

China has always believed in and hoped to solve trade differences thr

ough talks, but such talks should be equal, Wang said. In any talks, China must protect its legitim

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For example, in March, China provided a remote-sens

sing monitor report on flooding in Iran via Fengyun. The analysis estimated the coverage and

terrain characteristics of the flooded area, which greatly assisted the country’s evacuation efforts.

China has launched 17 Fengyun series meteorological satellites, of which seven are currently operational.

The World Meteorological Organization has included China’s Fengyun se

ries of meteorological satellites as a major element of its global Earth observation system.

ountries should work together for a better future in today’s world that is globaliz

ed and multipolar, Javier Solana, former secretary-general of NATO, said in an interview with China Daily.

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Intensified law enforcement also benefits overseas ent

erprises in China. Last year, intellectual property authorities punished violators in more

than 6,000 cases of infringing on rights of trademark registrants from overseas, with a t

otal value of 151 million yuan ($22 million), an increase of 50.1 percent over the previous year, the report said.

An agreement to support young scholars’ research into the Silk Road was signed between China and UNESCO during a ses

sion of the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing on Wednesday.

Under the agreement, an international academic program will be launched with funding of $1 mill

ion from the Chinese government to scholars under 35 years of age from around the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Education and UNESCO, the session – entitled “Safeguardin

g the Diversity of Asian Civilizations” – focused on cultural interactions among Asian people and disc

ussed challenges in terms of revitalizing the multiple cultures of Asian countries and regions.

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Festival will mark 80th anniversary of popular cantata

The Central Conservatory of Music will hold a festival from May 23 to 27 to celebrate the 80th anniversary of The Yellow River Cantata.

Written by composer Xian Xinghai (1905–1945) in Yan’an, Shaanxi pro

vince, in early 1939, the piece was inspired by a patriotic poem by Guang Weiran, and the lyrics

were adapted for the cantata. Premiered on April 13 of the same year in Yan’an, the work became, and remains, popular.

The conservatory’s symphony orchestra, choirs and chamber music grou

ps will join in the festival with 20 concerts, including the opening concert on May 23 condu

cted by Yu Feng, president of the university. The Yellow River Cantata will be performed by young singers.

Veteran Chinese musicians and singers, including Guo Shuzhen and Wang Xiufen, will perform during the festival.

Besides concerts, masterclasses and forums will be held in Yan’an.

The music festival will also celebrate the 70th birthday of the country.

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producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Since women have “internalized the thin ideal” from soci

ial media, they develop a negative relationship with their bodies. This often leads th

em to engage in “fat talk”-resulting in much lower self-esteem, Shen added.

Ye, from Hangzhou, who works as an accountant for Silergy Corp, said more than 90 percent of her colleagues in the finance

department are women, ranging in age from the early 20s to late 40s. Some have families, while others are singl

e or just “jump into” romantic relations. But all of them have varying degrees of dissatisfaction with their body shape.

“Every woman in our office is unhappy with at least one part of her b

ody. One of them might say her face is too round, while others are unhappy with their arms when

we sit together and gossip,” said Ye, who weighs 48 kg but frowns as she looks at the shape of her thighs.

“I have often thought I would be more attractive if my thighs were thinner,” she said, a

dding that one of her colleagues had not eaten dinner for at least two years in order to stay slim.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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