producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

akes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese are much better off than they were even 10 ye

ars ago. But it does mean that these low-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US t

ariffs on such products will only serve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

Roughly 20 years ago, when China’s admission to the World Trade Organiz

ation was being negotiated, China’s economy was tiny as a portion of world GDP. It was clearly a poor, less-deve

loped country that, except in a few areas, was not able to compete with Western companies in high-value-added products.

As Alexander Hamilton, the first US Treasury secretary, argued, a dev

eloping country may need to protect its “infant industries” from already established foreign

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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Opening up of film market leads to vibrancy

the 22nd film of Marvel Cinematic Universe, has made more than $2 billion globally wit

h over $576 million, nearly a third of the total, being contributed by the Chinese market.

The percentage of Hollywood films contributing to China’s box office has witnessed a gradual decline in recent years

thanks to the rise of successful Chinese films including The Wandering Earth and Dying to Survive.

Due to its explosive growth in third-and fourth-tier cities, the Chinese movie market is certainly poised to become the larg

est in the world in the not too distant future. Last year, China’s total box office exceeded 60 billion yuan ($8.9 billion), gra

dually closing the gap with the United States whose box office was about $11.6 billion. China has become such a form

idable force in the global film industry that international film producers cannot afford to overlook it.

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Government pledges more red tape cuts of items requiri

China will further cut the number of items requiring certificatio

n and refine the procedures through institutional inno

vation to improve government services and foster a more enabling business environment.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting, chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Sunday.

Participants at the meeting agreed that the government’s efforts in recent years to repeal unwarranted certification requ

irements and deepen the reform of government functions have produced notable results.

“These are crucial steps benefiting both companies and individuals

,” Li said. “At a time when the economy still faces uncertainties, removing these unjustified cer

tification requirements will help boost market vitality and improve the business environment.”

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hina’s growth a source of hope for allong proclaimi

With Chairman Mao Zedong proclaiming the founding of the People’s Republic of China on

Oct 1, 1949, the Chinese people began leaving behind a century of colonial humiliation and building a new life.

What remains poorly understood by the wider world even seven decades later is how dire were

the conditions in China during those days. While China sustained its triumph, Chinese people’s living stan

dard 70 years ago was barely 5 percent relative to their counterparts in the United States.

It was a dire starting point.

Transitions that raised China’s living standard

In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping introduced “reform and opening-up” policies

and established special economic zones, which ultimately facilitated China’s entry int

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The kind of view that he expressed is certainly in th

 right direction, and I’m encouraged by all of that,” said Jack Perkowski, a Wall S

treet veteran and founder and managing partner of JFP Holdings in New York.

Perkowski said that when combined with a perceived lack of legal enforc

ement, the issue of protecting IPR has always been the single biggest hurdle for most

companies from the United States when thinking about entering the China market.

He said every aspect of doing business in China has gotten better in the past two decades in the view of international investors.

Perkowski said IPR protection has emerged as a key issue. “China is deve

loping economically and technologically, so the bar is getting higher,” he said.

Savio Chan, CEO of US China Partners Inc, a business development f

irm, said the government’s crackdown on “squatting”-registering a large number of tradem

arks in order to unfairly profit-will improve the environment and help enterprises build brands with real value.

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lopment and prosperity, we need to promoEquality

te exchanges among civilizations and dialogues based on harmony in

diversity and inclusiveness. We need to undertake the cultural responsibility of int

ernational communicators, and let exchanges of culture and among civilizations, as well as mutual learning, con

stantly serve as bridges for people’s friendship, the impetus of international cooperation and bond of world peace.

Second, we should become builders of world peace and development. The wheel of humanities’ development is uns

toppable. Peace, reconciliation and harmony are historical trends. Equality, mutual trust and win-win cooperation are hi

storical necessities. Yet, as international conventions are attacked and multilateral mechanisms are cha

llenged, the anti-globalization tendency rises, and unilateralism and trade protectionis

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Xi’s speech on opening-up is well receivedpolicies

President lays out proposals to encourage foreign investment, guarantee fair competition

The measures that President Xi Jinping recently proposed to encourage foreign investment and further opening-up in Ch

ina are welcome developments that address the international community’s concerns, according to experts.

“The promises made are very positive, and all of them are helpful,” William Over

holt, senior research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, said of Xi’s keynote speech at the

opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

Xi brought up a series of reform and opening-up measures, including expanding market acce

ss for foreign investment in more areas and working harder to ensure the implementation of opening-up policies.

China’s pledges included shortening its negative list for foreign investments, opening up more sect

ors to foreign businesses, guaranteeing fair competition and planning new free-trade zones and ports.

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i also called for the two countries to further enhance

exchanges between their legislatures, political parties, youth, think tanks, media

and local authorities to cement their people’s support for friendly bilateral ties.

Bhandari said the joint building of the Belt and Road is a historic initiative and has an important global influence.

The initiative has served as a good platform for Nepal-China cooperation, she said.

The Nepali president expressed her congratulations on the

70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and said

it is admirable what the Chinese people have achieved under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.

China is a true friend of Nepal, and Nepal sees opportunities in China’s prosperity and stability, Bhandari said.

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