Tou of the Swallow Hills had the right method.
Men at their birth, are naturally good. Their natures are much the same; their habits become widely different.
If follishly there is no teaching, the nature will deteriorate. The right way in teaching, is to attach the utmost importance in thoroughness.
Of old, the mother of Mencius chose a neighborhood and when her child would not learn, she broke the shuttle from the loom.
Tou of the Swallow Hills had the right method. He taught five sons, each of whom raised the family reputation.
To feed without teaching, is the father’s fault. To teach without severity, is the teacher’s laziness.
If the child does not learn, this is not as it should be. If he does not learn while young, what will he be when old?
If jade is not polished, it cannot become a thing of use. If a man does not learn, he cannot know his duty towards his neighbor.
He who is the son of a man, when he is young, should attach himself to his teachers and friends; and practice ceremonial usages.
Hsiang, at nine years of age, could warm his parent’s bed. Filial piety towards parents is that to which we should hold fast.
Jung, at four years of age, could yield the (bigger) pears. To behave as a younger brother towards elders, is one of the first things to know.
Begin with filial piety and fraternal love, and then see and hear. Learn to count, and learn to read.
Units and tens, then tens and hundreds, hundreds and thousands, thousands and then tens of thousands.
The three forces are heaven, earth and man. The three luminaries are the sun, the moon and the stars.
The three bonds are the obligation between sovereign andsubject, the love between father and child, the harmony between husband and wife.
We speak of North and South, we speak of East and West, These four points, respond to the requirements of the centre.
We speak of water, fire, wood, metal and earth. These five elements have their origin in number.